Machu Picchu in Peru
This distant abandoned city can rightly be considered the most unexplored and mysterious of all ever studied by people. It is lonely located near the Urubamba valley in Peru. It was not studied until 1911, when a historian Hiram Bingham visited it. The city originated in the 15th century thanks to the Incas. However, a century later it was abandoned, probably due to a terrible epidemic of smallpox brought from Europe. The city was built near the mountains on the purpose because it corresponded to the ancient astrological mythology of the Inca tribe.
Pompeii in Italy
The Roman city of Pompeii was demolished in 79 AD due to the eruption of the volcano Vesuvius. At the time, about 20,000 people lived there. After the eruption, townspeople hurriedly left their homes, leaving all property behind. As a result, not only all buildings but also about 2,000 townspeople were buried under the layer of ash. The city was hidden until 1748, when it was found by workers who were constructing a palace to the king of Naples. Since then, Pompeii has become the subject of archaeologists and historians from around the world. On its territory, a huge number of sculptures and frescos have been discovered that gave modern people the opportunity to learn more about ancient Rome. Today, this place near Naples is very popular among tourists.
Angkor in Cambodia
Angkor was the location of the Khmer empire. When the Thai army invaded here in 1431, the city was on the verge of destruction. People left and the once powerful capital was deserted and overgrown with jungles. The existence of Angkor was forgotten for a long time, until in 1800, a group of French archaeologists found it. As a result, this ancient city became known as the largest ancient city in the world.
Petra in Jordan
Visitors of Petra are most impressed by the refined stone architecture, which was hollowed out by locals from the rocks long time ago. It is still unclear, with the help of which technologies it was possible to create such a masterpiece. Petra flourished for several centuries, until it was gradually destroyed by the Romans and nature. As a result, the terrain was absorbed by the desert. In 1812, the city was detected by the Swiss explorer Burckhardt.
Troy in Turkey
This Greek city became famous thanks to the epics of Homer. It was Troy that became the first legendary city found on the territory of a present-day Turkey. For a long time, the very existence of Troy was thought to be a myth, but in 1870 the German archaeologist Henry Schliemann discovered traces of the settlement.